Dutch composer Johan de Meij (b. 1953) studied trombone and conducting at the Royal Conservatory of Music in The Hague. He now resides in suburban New Jersey. He rose to international fame as a composer with his Symphony no. 1 “The Lord of the Rings”. Written between 1984 and 1987, it was premiered in Brussels, Belgium in 1988. It went on to win first prize in the Sudler International Wind Band Composition Competition in 1989, and a Dutch Composers Fund award in 1990, and has since become a cornerstone of the repertoire for high-level bands worldwide.
The Symphony is based on J.R.R. Tolkien’s trilogy of fantasy novels by the same name, which has recently also been immortalized in director Peter Jackson’s film trilogy. Each of the symphony’s five movements illustrates an important character or event from the Lord of the Rings story: “Gandalf”, the wizard; “Lothlorien”, home of the Elves; “Gollum”, the pitiful former keeper of the ring; “Journey in the Dark”, a chronicle of an expedition through abandoned Dwarf mines; and “Hobbits”. Says De Meij of each movement:
I) GANDALF (The Wizard)
The first movement is a musical portrait of the wizard Gandalf, one of the principal characters of the trilogy. His wise and noble personality is expressed by a stately motif which is used in different forms in movements IV and V. The sudden opening of the Allegro vivace is indicative of the unpredictability of the grey wizard, followed by a wild ride on his beautiful horse “Shadowfax”.
II) LOTHLORIEN (The Elvenwood)
The second movement is an impression of Lothlorien, the elvenwood with its beautiful trees, plants, exotic birds, expressed through woodwind solos. The meeting of the Hobbit Frodo with the Lady Galadriel is embodied in a charming Allegretto; in the Mirror of Galadriel, a silver basin in the wood, Frodo glimpses three visions, the last of which, a large ominous Eye, greatly upsets him.
III) GOLLUM (Smeagol)
The third movement describes the monstrous creature Gollum, a slimy, shy being represented by the soprano saxophone. It mumbles and talks to itself, hisses and lisps, whines and snickers, is alternately pitiful and malicious, is continually fleeing and looking for his cherished treasure, the Ring.
IV) JOURNEY IN THE DARK
The fourth movement describes the laborious journey of the Fellowship of the Ring, headed by the wizard Gandalf, through the dark tunnels of the Mines of Moria. The slow walking cadenza and the fear are clearly audible in the monotonous rhythm of the low brass, piano and percussion. After a wild pursuit by hostile creatures, the Orks, Gandalf is engaged in a battle with a horrible monster, the Balrog, and crashes from the subterranean bridge of Khazad-Dum in a fathomless abyss.V) HOBBITSThe fifth movement expresses the carefree and optimistic character of the Hobbits in a happy folk dance; the hymn that follows emanates the determination and noblesse of the hobbit folk. The symphony does not end on an exuberant note, but is concluded peacefully and resigned, in keeping with the symbolic mood of the last chapter “The Grey Havens” in which Frodo and Gandalf sail away in a white ship and disappear slowly beyond the horizon.
Website for Johan de Meij and his publishing company. Includes an extensive bio and works list, as well as a link to program notes of the symphony.
Review of a CD containing the symphony and de Meij’s trombone concerto.
One more program note on Symphony no. 1, from everything2.com.
Now some videos. Notice, it’s largely different bands for each movement. They’re not easy!
Gandalf, by the Amsterdam Winds. I’m pretty sure they used cellos to beef up the low brass/bassoon solos that pepper the movement.
Lothlorien, by the TMK Bad Wimsbach Neydharting:
Gollum LIVE. Watch this monstrous soprano sax player!
Journey in the Dark by a nameless ensemble (orchestra version).
Finally, Hobbits by an accomplished Dutch band.
Now some Lord of the Rings background for the uninitiated. The various internet sources below can tell its story much more succinctly and completely than I can. Suffice it to say that The Lord of the Rings laid the foundation for modern fantasy writing and has inspired countless tributes and adaptations to other media, including notably Peter Jackson’s film trilogy.
Lord of the Rings on wikipedia.
The official movie trilogy site.
Lord of the Rings Fanatics site, for true fans only.
National Geographic’s Beyond the Movie feature on Lord of the Rings.
J. R. R. Tolkien on wikipedia.
Video of the opening scenes of the movie (complete with Chinese subtitles). Pretty much gives the context for the whole story.
This is just the tip of the iceberg. Please go forth and find more on your own!